Items filtered by date: December 2023

Tuesday, 26 December 2023 00:00

Definition and Underlying Causes of a Bunion


A bunion, or hallux valgus, is a common and often painful foot deformity that affects the joint at the base of the big toe. It manifests as a bony protrusion on the side of the foot, causing the big toe to drift towards the second toe. This misalignment of the joint results in the characteristic bump and can lead to discomfort, inflammation, and difficulty in finding properly fitting footwear. The primary cause of bunions is a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Inherited foot structures that predispose individuals to bunions, like flat feet or low arches, can increase the likelihood of developing this condition. Wearing tight-fitting shoes, particularly those with pointed toes or high heels, can exacerbate the problem or speed up its progression. High levels of stress on the foot or repetitive motion can also contribute to bunion formation. Understanding the causes of bunions is the first step in managing and preventing this condition. When detected early, conservative treatment methods can be helpful. In more severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to correct the alignment and provide lasting relief. If you have a bunion, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can guide you toward the most appropriate course of treatment based on your specific condition.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of Columbus Podiatry & Surgery. Our podiatrists can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Columbus, OH . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 19 December 2023 00:00

What Is Involved in a Diabetic Foot Exam?

A diabetic foot exam is a comprehensive evaluation essential for managing diabetes and preventing foot-related complications. During this examination, podiatrists visually inspect the feet for any cuts, sores, blisters, or signs of infection. They also check for changes in skin color, swelling, and redness. Another critical aspect of the exam involves assessing sensation in the feet. Podiatrists use tools like a monofilament or tuning fork to test for diabetic neuropathy, a condition that can reduce sensitivity in the feet. To evaluate blood flow, pulses in the feet are checked to identify any circulation problems that may slow down wound healing. Additionally, podiatrists look for foot deformities, such as bunions or hammertoes, which can increase the risk of pressure sores. An examination of the patient’s shoes will be done to ensure proper fit and support. If you have diabetes, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist for such exams, as well as to get vital education on how to take care of your feet to preserve their health.

Diabetic foot care is important in preventing foot ailments such as ulcers. If you are suffering from diabetes or have any other concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Columbus Podiatry & Surgery. Our podiatrists can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people every year. The condition can damage blood vessels in many parts of the body, especially the feet. Because of this, taking care of your feet is essential if you have diabetes, and having a podiatrist help monitor your foot health is highly recommended.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

  • Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
  • Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their blood levels, as blood sugar levels play such a huge role in diabetic care. Monitoring these levels on a regular basis is highly advised.

It is always best to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet, especially for diabetic patients. Early treatment and routine foot examinations are keys to maintaining proper health, especially because severe complications can arise if proper treatment is not applied.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Columbus, OH . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 12 December 2023 00:00

Managing Charcot-Tooth-Marie Disorder

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disorder, or CMT, is an inherited neurological disorder that affects individuals globally. CMT is characterized by a gradual degeneration of muscles in the foot, lower leg, hand, and forearm, accompanied by a mild loss of sensation in limbs, fingers, and toes. The initial signs of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disorder are often a high-arched foot or difficulties in walking. Additional symptoms can include foot bone abnormalities like hammer toes, challenges with balance, occasional muscle cramping in lower legs, and loss of reflexes. While there is currently no cure for CMT, proper foot care, including wearing custom-made shoes and leg braces, can alleviate discomfort and help retain function. Moderate activity are often recommended to maintain muscle strength, with adaptive devices or surgery considered based on medical indications. Most individuals can continue to work, and wheelchair confinement is rare. For help in managing Charcot-Marie-Tooth disorder, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist.

Some foot conditions may require additional professional care. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Columbus Podiatry & Surgery. Our podiatrists can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Rare Foot Conditions

The majority of foot conditions are common and can be treated by a podiatrist.  Standard diagnostic procedures are generally used to identify specific conditions and treatment can be rendered. A podiatrist also treats rare foot conditions which can be difficult to diagnose and may need extra attention and care. 

There are many rare foot conditions that can affect children. Some of these can include:

  • Freiberg’s disease
  • Kohler’s disease
  • Maffucci syndrome

Freiberg’s disease - This can be seen as a deterioration and flattening of a metatarsal bone that exists in the ball of the foot. It typically affects pre-teen and teenage girls, but can affect anyone at any age. Symptoms that can accompany this can be swelling, stiffness, and the patient may limp. 

Kohler’s disease - This often targets the bone in the arch of the foot and affects younger boys. It can lead to an interruption of the blood supply which ultimately can lead to bone deterioration. The patient may limp or experience tenderness, swelling, and redness.

Maffucci syndrome - This affects the long bones in a child’s foot leading to the development of abnormal bone lesions. They are benign growths and typically develop in early childhood and the bones may be susceptible to breaking. 

A podiatrist can properly diagnose and treat all types of rare foot conditions. If your child is affected by any of these symptoms or conditions, please don’t hesitate to call our office so the correct treatment method can begin.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Columbus, OH . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Parental guidance is vital for families with children experiencing Sever's Disease, a common condition affecting the heels of children during growth spurts. First and foremost, it is essential to educate yourself and your child about what Sever's Disease is, and what causes it. By providing age-appropriate information, you can reduce any anxiety your child may have about the condition. One important aspect of managing Sever's Disease is ensuring that your child wears comfortable, supportive shoes with proper arch support. Avoiding flat or poorly cushioned footwear may help to alleviate discomfort. Encourage your child to take breaks and rest, especially during strenuous activities involving running or jumping. Performing gentle calf and Achilles tendon stretches can also promote flexibility and reduce tightness. Support your child with the knowledge that symptoms are likely temporary and resolve when the heel’s growth plate matures. If your child is experiencing heel pain, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist who can provide a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Sever's disease often occurs in children and teens. If your child is experiencing foot or ankle pain, see one of our podiatrists from Columbus Podiatry & Surgery. Our podiatrists can treat your child’s foot and ankle needs.

Sever’s Disease

Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.

Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.


Acute pain – Pain associated with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.

Highly active – Children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Columbus, OH . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read more about Sever's Disease

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